The Robbers study guide contains a biography of Friedrich Schiller, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Remember me. Forgot your password? Study Guide for The Robbers The Robbers study guide contains a biography of Friedrich Schiller, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Together these works display Schiller's wide range. His first play, "The Robbers" , propelled Schiller into the spotlight. It follows two aristocratic brothers, Franz and Karl Moor, as they vie for their father's validation. The melodrama that ensues is charged with intense emotion, making it a perfect example of the Sturm and Drang Storm and Stress movement of Weimar Classicism.
The brothers' dramatic conflict leads to a gradual moral collapse, leaving the audience questioning pride, justice, and rivalry. As the trilogy unfolds, the reader becomes increasingly intimate with the psychology of this complex leader.
Schiller remains hugely influential and this collection of noted plays demonstrate his command of the drama and his indispensible contributions to world literature. Get A Copy. Kindle Edition , pages. Published May 15th by Digireads. More Details Original Title. Other Editions 2.
Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about The Robbers and Wallenstein [with Biographical Introduction] , please sign up. Lists with This Book. Potters who dipped the wares were exposed to lead and arsenic.
Their clothing was contaminated with these dangerous materials, to which their family members at home were thus also exposed. These workers in particular experienced stomach and intestine disorders, epilepsy, and paralysis. Engels illuminated corporeal class differences, as machine operators looked decades older than their wealthy counterparts. Reflecting on the consequences of factory conditions and their effects on the human metabolism, Marx wrote that.
Every sense organ is injured by the artificially high temperatures, by the dust-laden atmosphere, by the deafening noise, not to mention the danger to life and limb among machines which are so closely crowded together, a danger which, with the regularity of the seasons, produces its list of those killed and wounded in the industrial battlefield. The economical use of the social means of production, matured and forced as in a hothouse by the factory system, is turned in the hands of capital into systematic robbery of what is necessary for the life of the worker while he is at work, i.
Technological innovations, which could improve working conditions, were only employed if they reduced labor costs and increased production—or when there was enough social pressure that forced protection and regulation.
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In addition to documenting how working conditions robbed workers of their health and shortened their lives, Marx analyzed extensively the ways that the system of capital affected the nutritional intake and corporeal constitution of workers. This issue is especially important, given that nutrients provide energy and support vital bodily functions.
Thus, an insufficient supply causes an array of corporeal problems. Drawing on official reports regarding public health in the United Kingdom, such as those by John Simon, Marx considered how class and gender influenced calorie intake.
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He noted that agricultural families had diets deficient in protein and carbohydrates. Needlewomen consumed the least, at just under eight pounds, while shoemakers ate the most, at eleven-and-a-half pounds. Thus, the caloric intake for the average working-class family was not sufficient. They ate few fresh green vegetables and drank little liquid, water or otherwise. As a result, they received minimal protein and were deficient in vitamins A and D.
Families with children too young to work suffered even greater food insufficiencies. Using this documentation, Marx and Engels highlighted how the capital system disrupted corporeal metabolic processes due to insufficient or inadequate food, leading to various illnesses, ailments, and starvation diseases. In particular, Engels detailed how working-class children were very vulnerable to rickets and scrofula due to poor-quality food and inadequate nutrition.
When food prices increased, families reduced their daily rations.
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All these conditions made them more susceptible to contagious diseases and illnesses, such as during the regular cholera epidemics of the period. To make matters worse, the adulteration of food, drink, and medicine were common practice. The working poor consumed dark bread rather than the white loaves prepared for the wealthy.
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The former was made with alum, sand, and bone earth, often with feces and cockroaches baked into it. Regular consumption of these items resulted in chronic gastritis and food poisoning, which was sometimes fatal. Marx remained concerned about corporeal issues throughout his life. Just as the profit-driven capital system disrupts natural processes and cycles, it creates corporeal rifts, undermining general health, the bodily metabolism, and longevity.
In this way, he wielded human corporeal organization as a limited, but effective normative measure for social critique and as an attribute of freedom: labor practices which deform the body and atrophy its dexterities are indicators of exploitation [and expropriation], while those that enhance its capacities and cultivate its dexterities are emancipatory. Nothing could be more at odds with the ancient Epicurean materialists, who rejected the pursuit of wealth at the cost of the human being.
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For Marx and Engels, a society of associated producers—i. The expropriation of nature on behalf of the capitalist class becomes the basis for the further expropriation and exploitation of humanity and nature, in a vicious circle leading ultimately to a rupture in the metabolism of nature and society, including corporeal existence. Stripping away the alienation and destruction, it was possible to perceive the potential for more egalitarian, collective, and sustainable relations.
Some have argued not. In another society, agriculture would not drain nature of its resources, just as industry would not devastate the air, water, and soil…. This is no doubt an accurate description of the views of most mainstream environmentalists today, who categorically refuse to consider any solution that involves going beyond capitalist relations of production.